- Why do you want to learn to program?
- List of some of the top programming languages to learn.
- Which programming language should you learn?
With technology evolving faster than expected, the demands from different quarters of the industry are mammoth. The software industry is going through constant change with different requirements every hour.
Programming or the process of writing computer programs has become one of the most futuristic professions.
With software becoming more and more intertwined with our lives, the dependence on software in all areas has increased. Learning programming languages has become more important than ever before.
At this point, it is incumbent for students to take time to think about the future needs of the industry and what the top programming languages to learn are.
Through this article, we strive to throw light on some of the emerging programming languages so that students can make a planned and orderly decision based on their interests and industrial demand.
Before deciding which one of the in-demand programming languages is best for you, you might also want to ask yourself certain questions based on what your interests are.
Remember, the only way to do great work is to love what you do.
So, ask yourself the following questions before you decide on which programming language you would like to learn.
- Why do I want to learn to program?
- Am I learning programming to base my career or just as a hobby?
- Do I want to use my programming skills to build software applications, or for gaming or building websites?
- Should I learn a high-level or low-level programming language?
- Will my programming skills help me get a job?
Why you should ask yourself these questions before you venture into learning a programming language is because programming languages can be tough to learn and master.
The process is time-consuming and will take up a lot of your energy. However, if you plan to make full use of programming skills then you must be prepared for some hard work.
14 Top Programming Languages to Learn
Here is a list of some of the top programming languages to learn. The list is prepared keeping in mind the current technological trends and industrial requirements.
Python is a high-demand programming language. It is a high-level language that is simple to learn. It is an integrated software programming language that includes other languages like C and C++.
Python was first formulated in the late 1980s when software programming was just emerging. Over the years, the language has undergone radical changes to emerge as one of the top programming languages to learn.
The language is commonly used in artificial intelligence and web development. One of the major drawbacks of Python is that it cannot be applied to mobile applications.
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Another in-demand programming language is Java. Designed originally in 1995, Java has many popular applications in the software industry.
This programming language is popular because it allows the programmer to write the programme once and run it on any system that supports Java, without having to recompile it.
It is a very popular programming language especially in large organisations because of its speed and stability.
It is the first choice when it comes to computer games and mobile applications. Most android phones adopt java as the preferred programming language choice.
The most in-demand programming languages are Python and Java. However, among the two languages, Python has shown greater popularity because of its ease of using and reading.
A survey conducted by Google Trends shows a slight increase in the usage of Python over Java in the past 12 months.
The origins of PHP dates back to 1994. It is an object-oriented programming language, It is one of the top programming languages to learn.
It is part of the open-source software community. One of the reasons that make this one of the emerging programming languages to learn is because it is easy to learn and use.
The main use of PHP is in the web development sector.
Another high-demand programming language is R. It is an open-source software which means anyone can change it. Originally designed in 1992, a Beta version of the same was released in 2000.
The programming language is popular because of its ability to run on various operating systems.
It is used in machine learning and data science projects.
5. Java Script
It is one of the best programming languages to learn because it is easy and simple. Its popularity is because it can be used for a wide variety of applications and can be used in collaboration with other languages.
C++ is a programming language that is similar to C and C# languages. It is one of the most popular programming languages to learn. C++ is an extension of the programming language C. It operates on multi-devices. However, to learn this programming language is difficult because the syntax is tough.
C++ is widely used for advanced computation applications and game development
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Regarded as one of the most emerging programming languages to learn in the future, Swift was developed by Apple in 2010.
Swift works mostly with simple English and is therefore easy to learn. The simplest part of Swift is that it does not have long coding lines.
It is one of the trending programming languages in Stack Overflow. Stack Overflow is an interacting website for program developers and coding enthusiasts. It serves as a platform to share coding and programming findings.
Short form for Golan, this programming language was developed by Google. It is a new and emerging programming language to learn. Its syntax is small and easy to learn.
Developed by Microsoft as a more advanced version of C, C# has a large coding library and is integrated in Microsoft’s .NET software. It is easily integrated with windows. It is popularly used in web applications.
Scala is another popular programming language. It is a high-level language that combines object and functional programming.
Scala stands for scalable and is influenced by other languages like Java. It was publicly released in 2004. Since the language is highly scalable, many big companies are now using Scala.
It is an easy programming language to learn, especially for those already proficient in Java.
Elm is a functional programming language that is used to build web applications. It is known as a great debugger. It was released in 2012.
The language features world-class tool selection and lets you build web applications in a short period of time.
Ruby is an open-source and freely available language. It is object-oriented and easy to learn as it has easy syntax.
The syntax of Ruby is similar to the syntax of C++. It was designed and developed in 1995 by Yukihiro Matsumoto.
Rust is free and open-source software developed in 2006. The syntax is similar to that of C++.
It is a popular language to learn and has gained the title “most loved programming language” for three consecutive years 2016, 2017, and 2018
Kotlin is a general-purpose programming language. It has become a preferred language for android app developers. The first version of the language was released in 2011.
Which Programming Language Best Suits You?
Although many programmers learn one language and master it. Others learn many languages to benefit from all.
One of the main factors in deciding which programming language you should learn depends on what type of software you intend to develop.
However, there is no hard and fast rule that one particular software should be written only in a particular programming language, but certain trends have been set over the years.
These trends have made a subtle demarcation as to what kind of programming language is used for what and where.
The main point is to know what kind of software you would like to develop and accordingly learn the software programming in that area.
|Programming language||Average salary per annum (INR)|
These salaries are all entry-level salaries of programmers. The salaries and pay scale may vary according to the number of years of experience.
These are some of the top programming languages to learn. Based on what you intend to develop, you can choose to learn one or many languages.
Though the first advice is to learn one at first and then another. You would want to be the master of at least one.
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