About Mangalore: Mangalore is a region of mixed culture. There are people from different communities and neighbouring states who have moved here for their business purposes, jobs, children’s education, and many more. As a result, the city is truly progressive in culture.
As Kerala is the nearby state, Mangalore is a very convenient city for them to live in. It is therefore clear that Mangalore is also a true cultural centre for neighbouring states.
Mangalore is also known as Hub for Education
In and around the city of Mangalore there are different cultures, such as the Culture of Tuluva, Culture of Konkani Mangalore has 4 languages-Kannada, Tulu, Konkani and Beary (spoken more by Muslims).
Mangalore developed in earlier times as a harbour in the Arabian Sea and became a major port in India.
Mangalore, officially named Mangaluru, is considered as Karnataka’s Chief Port City. The port handles 75% of coffee and cashew exports in India.
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Mangalore City lies between the Arab Sea and the Western Ghats. It is a point of departure for maritime traffic along the Malabar Coast.
The landscape of the city features sloping mountains, coconut trees, water streams, and a hard red-colour crafted wall. The first 8K 3D Planetarium in India is located in this city.
Mangalore is also on the Smart Cities Mission list and among the 100’s of smart cities to be developed. It has a coastal monsoon climate and under the impact of the south-western monsoon.
Mangalore the port city has been ruled by several major rulers. The city was the source of controversy among the British and the Mysore rulers, Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan. Mangalore remained part of the Madras Presidency, conquered by the British in 1799 until India became independent in 1947. The city of Mysore (now known as Karnataka) was formed in 1956.
Mangalore is both Dakshina Kannada district’s largest city and administrative headquarters.
It is likewise one of the country’s multi-cultural non-metro cities. It is the largest city in the Karnataka Coastal and Malnad areas, other than the commercial, industrial educational and healthcare hub
Mangalore is one of the most cultural and language-based cities in India and is the main city and operational hub for the Dashing area.
This city has an international airport and is Karnataka’s second-largest airport. The urban agglomeration of Mangalore stretches over more than 30 kilometres from Ullal in the South to Surathkal in the North. The town stretches to Vamanjoor, Deralakatte, Padil, and Bajpe in the east.
Places to Visit in Mangalore:
There are many Places to Visit with Family and Friends in Mangalore: Kudroli Gokarnath Temple, Panambur Beach, Ullal Beach, Mangalore Beach, Tannirbhavi Beach, Sasihithlu Beach, Pilikula Park and Golf Course, Bejai Museum, Sultan Batheri, Mangaladevi Temple, Pilikula Nisargadama, St. Aloysius Chapel, New Mangalore Port etc.
The city is named after the goddess, Mangaladevi, Mangaladevi’s primary Goddess. As famous residents of the city said, a princess called Parimala or Premaladevi from Malabar had surrendered her kingdom as a disciple of the founder of Nath-Matsyendranath tradition. She was called Mangaladevi after she had converted Premaladevi to religion Nath. She had to stay close to Bolar on the road as she fell ill and died later.
The citizens of that town set up the temple of Mangaladevi in her memory and the city thereby got her name.
The various groups have unique names in their languages for the region. For example, people who speak Tulu refer to the city as Kudla (meaning junction) as the city is located between Netravati & Gurupura Rivers. Konkani-speaking people refer to the city as Kodiyal, though Maikala is the name referred in Beary for the Mangalore city.
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History of Mangalore:
There are numerous historical references to Mangalore Early & Medieval History: The importance of the city has been highlighted by foreign travellers. A Roman historian named Pliny the Elder had noted a place called Nitrias during the first century, which was not so appropriate for landing due to the pirate’s regular visit. A Greek historian called Ptolemy found a place named Nitra during the second century. Besides, both historians referred to the Netravati River, which was flowing through Mangalore.
Mangalore was the centre of a unique multi-linguistic cultural region called South Canara, the hometown of Tulu-speaking people. The Kadamba dynasty whose capital city was in North Canara maintained independent power over the entire Canara region from the third to sixth centuries.
Alupa rulers held the area of South Canara from the seventh century until the end of the fourteenth century. The rule was put fully under the Vijayanagar Empire by 1345. South Canara was divided into Mangalore and some areas of Barkur during the period of the Vijayanagara dynasty (1345-1550). There were two governors from Mangalore to Barkur to handle.
Christianity in Mangalore:
Protestantism is one of Christianity’s major divisions, and it forms the largest Christians after Roman Catholics in the indivisible district of Dakshina Kannada. The Basel missionaries, who came here in 1834 intending to spread the Gospel, discovered that the local people wanted more than just the word of God. They helped local people to improve jobs and professional skills along with preaching the gospel. Thus, as a hub for education and industry, Mangalore thrived and became a centre for business.
It was founded here after the time of Basel Mission textile cotton, tile manufacturing, and professional educational establishments. In search of social equality and economic progress, numerous Billavas accepted Protestantism by breaking out models of the caste system.
According to Ramanath Kotekar, who wrote the book ”Billavaru Matthu Basel Mission-Ondhu Adhyayana”, they felt that Protestantism promised freedom and equality. He reports, in nine of the ten people converted by the missionaries in Basel in the 1850s were Billavas.
Ramanath concludes from Billavas’s desire for a brighter future for themselves and future generations, who had been denied education or equal rights. As of now, only 34,000 people belong to the Protestants belong to the Southern Indian Church who has authority over Dakshina Kannada, Udupi, Kodagu, Chamarajanagar, Mysore and Hassan.
Their traditions derive from the local people and their favourite food was fish curry rice. Ferdinand Kittel, who studied Kannada, Tulu and Sanskrit, are prominent figures among the Protestants. He was the first to print the Kannada English Dictionary in 1894 and the Kannada Language Grammar in English in 1903 as the major contributions he made to his study of Indology. Many Kannada poems were also written by him.
The first Kannada-language newspaper ‘ Mangalooru Samachar’ was published in 1843 by Herman Friedrich Mogling. He secured a Ph.D. from Kannada, Bibliotheca Karnataka, for his literary work.
Kannada’s literature has also been translated into German by the BeM Theological Seminary (now Karnataka Theological College). Rev A Manner is yet another outstanding person who in 1886 published the first Tulu-English dictionary. Plebot is another missionary who set up the first tile manufacturing factory called Basel Mission in 1860 after having found the Gurupura and Nethravathi Rivers large deposits of clay. It was situated on the banks of the Nethravathi River near Morgan’s Gate.